Energeco Sweden's mission is to help Addis Ababa with its waste management and educate the country in modern Waste Managent to meet the UN's global climate target




Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia suffers from poor solid waste management. The inadequate solid waste management system has rendered development, lessened the aes-thetic beauty of the city and most importantly endangered the lives of the people.

Regardless of the harmfulness of the waste, solid waste management has not been given the amount of attention it requires.


The insufficient management and lack of attention to the matter can be observed from the unbearable litter in the rivers, drains and streets in Addis Ababa. It is obvious that immediate action is needed in the solid waste management sector.


Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia, has one of the fastest growing populations in the world. The population has leaped from 15,000 to 4 million since its establishment 100 years ago (IGNIS, 2016). With all the socio-economic problems growing parallel, waste management in the city can take a great portion. Due to the insufficient waste management system in Addis Ababa, the habitants suffer the site and consequences of accumulated waste piles on the streets and drains all around the city. These piles pollute the surrounding vegetation, ground water and soil from the leachate. Due to weather variation and chemical reaction between materials fire ignites. The emission from the smoke pollutes the atmosphere. Moreover, these piles provide a breeding ground for insects and rats who can potentially cause the outbreak of an epidemic. They also cause a nauseating smell and are quite unpleasant to see.


The current solid waste management system mainly relies on the municipality to address it and there are few private participants working on a very small scale compared to the amount of work needed in the sector. The method used by the municipality is crude open dumping after collection from households and institutions at a place called Repi about 15 km from the city centre. The dump has been running for the last 50 years without proper management.

There have been few approaches to solve the problem and no significant changes have occurred. It can easily be seen that the city has expanded out of the government’s ser-vice capacity and the aid of the private sector is needed. The solution to the waste prob-lem requires the committed participation of both parties with the proper partnership.