Generation of municipal solid waste in Mexico
According to the information from the National System of Environmental Information and Natural Resources Statistic Database (BADESNIARN, by its acronym in Spanish), for the year 1997, in Mexico around 29 million tons of municipal solid wastes were generated, and in the year 2012 around 42 million tons of municipal solid wastes were reported, with an increment of 44% for the15 years period. Mexico is divided in 32 states and a federal district, according to SNIARN-SEMARNAT (2013), the states with the most significant contributions to the generation of municipal solid wastes, were the Estado de Mexico (6.8 million tons), Distrito federal (4.9 million tons), Jalisco (3 million tons), Veracruz (2.3 million tons) and Nuevo Leon (2.15 million tons).
The levels of municipal solid wastes generation are tihgtly related with the population density, urbanization and economic development. According to the last national population census,
generated in 2010, in Mexico there are 112,336,538 inhabitants, of those about one third is placed in central México, where a 30% of the total residues of the country are generated. Only in Mexico city, de populatation density is 5,920 inhab/km2, while the national average is situated in 57 inhab/km2.
Respect to the urbanizatión in Mexico more than 80 million people live in cities and metropolitan areas, the rest of the population, near to 32 milion people, are stablished in rural areas (INEGI, 2010). For these reason the metropolitan zones and middle cities contributed with the 80% of MSW generated in the country (SNIARN-SEMARNAT, 2013).
Our work in the LCBM project has been about identifying needs, markets and partners, and it has led to the number of LOI and an offer for a continuation of the project in Puebla, Mexico. See attached report.