Mainstreaming environmental concerns into development policies, plans and strategies is one of the priorities in Tanzanian’s Sustainable Development Agenda.. One of the initial mainstreaming efforts has been the preparation of National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) in 1994. This was a response to the recommendations by the Earth Summit in 1992 held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. At this Summit, countries were required to prepare and implement National Environmental Action Plans.
The revised NEAP highlights the state of the environment identifying key environmental issues.
These include Land degradation; Water resources degradation and pollution; Aquatic resources degradation; Loss of wildlife habitats and biodiversity; Deforestation; Urban pollution; Climate change; Modern biotechnology; E-waste; Invasive alien species; and Biofuels. Furthermore, the NEAP sets targets and indicators for tracking implementation progress.